We provide complete dental care for your pet and we can address specific issues as needed. Every pet will receive a comprehensive cleaning and polishing of their teeth, complete exam of the mouth, and radiographs as necessary.
Signs of oral and dental diseases in dogs and cats1:
Periodontal disease is the most common clinical condition in adult dogs and cats, and the severity of disease is often under appreciated. It may cause problems in the oral cavity and may be associated with damage to internal organs in some patients as they age.
Periodontal disease begins when bacteria in the mouth forms a substance called plaque that sticks to the surface of the teeth. Subsequently, minerals in the saliva harden the plaque into dental calculus (tartar), which is firmly attached to the teeth. Tartar above the gum line is obvious to many owners, but is not of itself the cause of disease. It's the unseen damage below the gum line that causes the problem and increases risk of infection and tooth loss.
Periodontal disease includes gingivitis (reddening of the gums) and periodontitis (loss of bone and soft tissue around the teeth). Effects within the oral cavity include damage to or loss of gum tissue and bone around the teeth, development of a hole (fistula) from the oral cavity into the nasal passages, fractures of the jaw following weakening of the jaw bone, and bone infection (osteomyelitis). Bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream and be carried around the body. Studies in dogs suggest that periodontal disease is associated with pathogenic changes in the heart, liver, and kidneys.
Treatment of periodontal disease is multi-faceted. A professional dental cleaning may be recommended, which includes a thorough oral examination, scaling and polishing. Dental radiographs, extractions or home care may be required. In some instances, the tooth can be saved with advanced periodontal surgery performed by a specialist.
The best way to prevent periodontal disease to by instituting a consistent at-home care program of daily tooth brushing.